Friday, August 28, 2020

farbstoffe essays

farbstoffe papers In diesem Bereich mchte ich einige grundlegende Prinzipien zum Thema Farbe erlutern. Denn obwohl nicht nur Farbphotographie und Farbfernsehen, sondern eigentlich unser ganzes Leben von Farbe bestimmt ist und wichtige Entscheidungen davon abhngen (bite the dust Blinden und Farbenblinden nehme ich hier mal aus), gibt es dabei ein Problem: Wir haben mit sanctum Farbnamen, kick the bucket wir verwenden, kein eindeutiges System, um eine Farbe zu beschreiben. Was ist beispielsweise Knigsblau? Jeder, der kicks the bucket jetzt liest, wird seine eigene Vorstellung davon haben und wenn man all diese Farben auf einem Blatt nebeneinander htte, wrde wohl jeder Farbton anders aussehen. Und so ist das eigentlich mit all sanctum Farben, deren Namen wir im Alltag verwenden. Vllig undurchsichtig wird das Ganze dann, wenn man pass on Farbnamen der Bekleidungsindustrie betrachtet, kick the bucket wohl mit jeder neuen Mode neu erfunden werden. Und selbst das Wort Farbe ist nicht eindeutig. Umgangssprachlich wird es sowohl fr einen Farbstoff, fr ein optisches Phnomen und fr einen Sinneseindruck verwendet. Bite the dust englischsprachigen Lnder unterscheiden da genauer: Einem Amerikaner kme es bspw. nicht in cave Sinn in einem Baumarkt einen Eimer shading zu kaufen. Einen Eimer paint wrde er aber erhalten. Das Hauptproblem ist, daãÿ Farbe keine physikalische Grãÿe wie Lnge oder Gewicht ist, kick the bucket eindeutig definiert ist. Farbe ist eher ein Sinneseindruck wie Geschmack oder Geruch. Und Farbe setzt eine Bestrahlung mit sichtbarem Licht voraus. Ohne Licht keine Farbe. Trotzdem, auch mit dem Wissen, das in diesem Bereich vermittelt wird, ist es nicht mglich Farbe zu messen. Man kann nur kick the bucket Strahlung messen, pass on in unser Auge eintritt und dann im Gehirn einen Farbeindruck hervorruft. Ob das bei Person A derselbe ist, wie bei Person B ist ein ganz anderes Thema. Das Bedrfnis des Menschen, sich und seine Umwelt mit Farben zu schmc... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Mankind Harming Environment

I accepted that humankind hurts our condition. During the most punctual occasions, the ways of life of our precursors were exceptionally basic. The air they inhaled was perfect. The streams were clear and liberated from destructive life forms. They utilized regular composts for the horticultural yields. The environmental factors were liberated from family expendables. Today, there has been a colossal development in science and innovation. Such advances have realized changes as far as new items, improved gear, and increasingly successful strategies. Sadly, this equivalent innovation which made life simpler for us delivered squanders which are presently influencing the nature of our encompassing air, water, and land. Production lines and engine vehicles send tones of poisons into our air. Over the top air contamination represents a threat to our wellbeing. It can in like manner cause hindered development and even demise to our plants. Out streams are contaminated by releases from mechanical plants that utilization synthetic substances. Trash and sink squanders are imprudently tossed in our environmental factors. Manufactured manures and bug sprays dirty our territory and ranch items (Allaby, 2002). It is safe to say that we are on the whole mindful of the degree of the harms realized by modernization? Have we added to such natural contamination? What have we done to limit such threat to our lives? How might we deal with our condition? We should attempt measures to save and protect our assets and limit use of vitality before it’s past the point of no return. Our battle against contamination is an underlying advance toward moderating our natural assets and vitality. We should all hold hands for this shared objective. Reference: Allaby, Michael. (2002). Fundamentals of Environmental Science. Routledge. London.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Social Control and the Salem Witch Trials Research Paper Example

Social Control and the Salem Witch Trials Paper Throughout everyday life, people structure gatherings to get an ideal decent more viably. This great ordinarily can't be created separately, and this specific products accessibility is commonly restricted outside the gathering. Along these lines, it appears that it is in a people wellbeing to stay a piece of this gathering and work successfully with different individuals to create their ideal aggregate great. Nonetheless, when individuals are confronted with two contradicting blueprints, one which will profit their individual end and the other that will profit the gathering all in all, there are consistently bunch individuals that will decide to seek after the individual end. Utilizing the elements that influence bunch solidarity it is conceivable to clarify why freaks now and then seek after their own individual personal circumstance, and alternately, what makes some dormant degenerates stay legitimate gathering individuals focused on the solidarity of the gathering. In his book Principles of Group Solidarity, Michael Hechter records a few factors that impact bunch solidarity. As indicated by Hechter, bunch solidarity can be characterized as each gathering individuals eagerness to add to the enthusiasm of the whole gathering, or people in general. Inside the gathering, solidarity changes for two primary reasons; the breadth of every individual commitments, and every individual consistence with their commitments. Analyzing every one of these reasons Hechter infers that a people breadth of their gathering commitments will increment when each gathering part is reliant on each other to create their ideal great. Additionally, a people consistence with their gathering commitments will increment when the gathering is viably observed, and when assents are appropriately collected. We will compose a custom article test on Social Control and the Salem Witch Trials explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom exposition test on Social Control and the Salem Witch Trials explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom exposition test on Social Control and the Salem Witch Trials explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Hence, as indicated by Hechter, a gathering will display solidarity when the individuals are reliant on each other to create their ideal great, and a fitting arrangement of checking exists that yields authorizations to freaks. In any case, bunch solidarity is just as solid as the gathering part generally ready to go amiss from their commitments to the gathering and seek after their own personal circumstance. Hechter clarifies that the reasonable self seeker will pick the strategy that, given the data accessible to them and their capacity to process it, they think will deliver most extreme utility. (Hechter, 30) If the objective prideful person decides to seek after an individual end, as opposed to the aggregate enthusiasm of the gathering, this choice could prompt the inevitable defeat of the gathering. Given this record, one would be persuaded that whenever balanced gathering individuals would go amiss from the gathering so as to fulfill their own personal matters. Yet, as we are go ing to see, the elements laid out before exist to keep inert freaks from seeking after their individual end. Moreover, there are a few situations when it really is to the greatest advantage of the person to seek after the end that will profit the gathering on the whole, on the grounds that thusly they will profit more prominent from that strategy. We will currently take a gander at a few guides to show what elements impact the solidarity of a gathering. At first, lets consider a pivoting credit relationship, in which a gathering of people add to a typical store that is held by every person for a specific period of time. So as to frame such an association, bunch solidarity must exist. Every individual from the gathering must feel a feeling of reliance on different individuals to agree to their commitment to routinely add to the store. Normally, individuals from a turning credit affiliation know a lot about one another; where every part lives, what every part accomplishes professionally, and so forth. In this way, a high level of perceivability exists among the individuals, which serves to fortify the endeavors to screen the gathering and assent degenerates. Furthermore, the idea of notoriety in the gathering assumes a significant job; the individual serves to secure their familys great name by acting in a legitimate way. However, there consistently exists the hazard that an individual (a balanced self seeker) will escape with the reserve while it is their chance in the revolution to hold the cash, consequently making the gathering breakdown and leaving the others without access to credit. For this situation, one can reason that deviation is more outlandish in light of the fact that every individual from the gathering is profoundly related on each other. Additionally, except if the degenerate anticipated totally vanishing from society he would make some hard memories making future business exchanges. Expression of the degenerates activity would spread creation it improbable for him to engage with another credit affiliation or undertaking. In this way, staying on favorable terms with the pivoting credit affiliation is to the greatest advantage of the person. Presently lets go to another model, protection gatherings. We will concentrate on two such associations, British amicable social orders and American congenial ethnic affiliations. Generally these gatherings were the primary formalized protection reserves. Their primary reason for existing was to offer installments to their individuals in case of disorder, demise, inability, an awful yield, or impermanent cutback. Notwithstanding their job as supporters the protection bunches furnished their individuals with other aggregate merchandise. The British well disposed social orders encouraged a social domain wherein their individuals would have the option to have a discharge from their day by day schedule. The gatherings regularly arranged their gatherings in bars, and held summer picnics and other such occasions for the individuals families. Thus, the American friendly ethnic affiliations gave a way to ongoing outsiders to remain in line with their local culture through music, move, and games. Additionally, the ethnic affiliations offered instructive and etymological assets to help their individuals with acclimatizing into their new condition in America. As should be obvious the advantages of being a piece of a protection bunch were huge. In any case, keeping the protection support dissolvable was a similarly massive endeavor. There were horde issues the store could experience. In the event that everybody in the protection bunch was about a similar age exhaustion of the reserve would happen at or around a similar timespan. Subsequently, the protection bunch needed to keep up a consistent progression of new participants to prepare for future breakdown. In the event that one or a couple of people had sole command over the protection finance, fake individuals could steal and figure that no one will take note. In this manner, determination of dependable and upstanding officials was significant so as to keep up the reserve and protect against inappropriate appropriation. These two issues speak to issues that necessary observing, and furthermore authorizes if the circumstance justified such activity. All together for bunch solidarity to exist bunch individuals needed to play a proactive job in the dynamic procedure of giving protection benefits. Freaks could undoubtedly document a bogus case, take cash from the reserve, request more cash than they should, or even show more thoughtless conduct than they in any case would without protection (a wonder known as good danger). However, as a rule, most protection bunch individuals agreed to their commitment to routinely contribute and empowered the protection store to endure. Utilizing the models drawn from Hechters book through pivoting credit affiliations and protection bunches one can recognize what variables influence a few degenerates to seek after their own individual personal circumstance. In the event that a person in a gathering feels just as the breadth of their commitments is too extensive they will no longer conform to the gatherings rules. The degenerate may choose to free-ride, in which he gathers the gatherings aggregate great without contributing. The degenerate may leave himself open for a negative reaction from other gathering individuals, which will in the long run bring about assents or expulsion from the gathering. The degenerate may likewise choose to take, or steal from the gathering, along these lines hardening their ejection. The degenerate may even choose to begin an adversary or contending bunch with progressively good conditions. Then again, different variables cause people to stay trustworthy gathering individuals focused on the solidarity of the gathering. Putting together this with respect to sane decision hypothesis the facts may confirm that an individual gathering individuals personal responsibility matches the aggregate enthusiasm of the gathering. In this circumstance the individual is going about as a reasonable vain person in staying lined up with the objectives of the gathering. Seeking after the aggregate enthusiasm of the gathering boosts the people utility. Without a doubt, this is the significant explanation people structure bunches in any case, to aggregately acquire an ideal decent more viably. Furthermore, different components including keeping up a decent notoriety in the network, and dread of authorizations, control some inert freaks to seek after the aggregate enthusiasm of the gathering. They are in an ideal situation as part the gathering. Conflicting with the gathering will just serve to expose these people to undue hardship and sick emotions from individuals whom they share normal interests with. Be that as it may, without a social control or companion pressure, it is probably going to accept that more deviation from the quest for the aggregate great would exist. This idea is shown through Arthur Millers depiction of the Salem witch preliminaries in the film The Crucible. For our investigation we will think about Salem, Massachusetts, a network that showed bunch solidarity. The whole town cooperated to keep up a specific way of life for their families. Salem had a woodworker, metal forger, serve, sheriff, a few ranchers, and

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Ethical Issues Papers

Ethical Issues PapersEthical issues papers are papers which cover areas of ethical issues faced by the corporate sector. Generally, papers which address ethical issues are generally considered to be appropriate for corporate education. Examples of such papers include:Peer Reviews: Papers which are specifically aimed at analyzing the effects of peer reviews can be considered as ethical issues papers. Peer reviews are a very powerful tool to influence the scientific community on behalf of the corporate sector. It is considered to be ethical to keep in mind the context of scientific controversies in order to be more favorable for the corporation. However, not all ethical issues papers which are to be submitted by the corporation to scientific journals are to be submitted to the peer reviews section.Data and Confidentiality Obligations: Journals normally ask for permission before releasing the raw data of a study on ethical issues. In some cases, researchers who submit a paper to ethical issues papers are automatically given this permission, as part of their duties as a journal editor.Confidentiality: Data and other information that are part of a study must be restricted to the participants themselves. It is expected that those who participate in a study are to keep themselves ignorant of the other data that they receive from the research. In some cases, there is also a duty to protect the confidentiality of data gathered from confidential sources. In cases where data are posted on the internet, there is also a duty to prevent access to the data by the public.Illegal Data Collection: Papers on ethical issues are most often concerned with illegal and unethical practices. If an illegal practice is suspected, the ethics committee will weigh it against other matters. For example, if the suspected illegal activity is confirmed, then it will not be ethical to engage in the illegal practice. In such cases, when scientific integrity is at stake, this information may be tre ated as confidential.Monsanto Issues: Due to the threat posed by the recent financial crisis, Monsanto has put in place new policies which seek to protect the company and its reputation. For example, Monsanto no longer retains any participation in any food manufacturing. Instead, Monsanto will take on the role of mediator for the new company in such situations. It has also taken upon itself the duty to review all published studies in relation to the company and its products.Pollution: Many people consider these issues to be one of the most popular paper in all of sociology. The activities of environmental pollution in the current environment has created a lot of stress on the public and has affected many people personally. Some of the ethical issues papers which are normally seen in corporate education cover such issues.

Friday, May 15, 2020

College Is Worth It - 852 Words

College is a place where students learn what they want to be when they graduate and they use that knowledge they obtained from college to fulfill their dream by what they have studied, so hard for in college. Some people ask, â€Å"Is College worth it?† and the answer to that question is, â€Å"Yes.† A lot of people continue to disagree with that answer, but when it’s all said and done: college is worth it. That is why, there is still students that enroll into a 4-year college or a community college because they want to become successful in life which is the reason why they feel that college is worth it. First, there are some students that disagree on college being worth it because of the cost of tuition that is, so high. They feel that college is far too expensive to even attend, so they just look for a job, instead because they feel that they’re wasting time and money. But, what they don’t know is, that there are other colleges out there that ha ve much cheaper tuition to pay. According to Louis Menand, â€Å"Public Colleges are much less expensive—the average tuition is $7,605—and there are also many less selective private colleges where you can get a good education, and a lot more faculty face time, without having to spend every minute of high school sucking up to your teachers and reformatting your resume† (Live And Learn). Also, there are people that say they don’t have the money after they graduate from high school to get into college, which then, they can apply for financialShow MoreRelatedIs College Worth A College?1254 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout the USA college tuition has increased drastically; in the last five years Georgia colleges have had 75% increase along with other states such as Arizona whose tuition has increased by 77% (NPR). Since 2006 the tuition in Utah has increased by 62.8% and is rising throughout the U.S. (Desert News). Between 1885-2016 the price of college has in creased between 2.1% to 4.3% per year beyond inflation (CollegeBoard). Through calculations, that equates to about a hundred precent increase sinceRead MoreIs College Worth It?857 Words   |  4 PagesIs college worth it, many ask and a lot of them wonder. This controversial topic has a lot of arguments and still no fix answer to it. Some people might find college to be not worth it as most people find it useless after graduation as said by TOM BACHTELL on a college graduation â€Å" diploma—need not be a statistics major to know that the odds of stepping into a satisfying job, or, indeed, any job, are lower now than might have been imagined four long years ago†. But in my opinion I would say thatRead MoreCollege Is It Worth It?1317 Words   |  6 PagesCollege, is it Worth it? Is college really worth the time and money? This is the question I am going to be exploring. While many people may have an idea that college is just an abundance of debt, other students argue that most of the information they learn doesn’t provide them with the value they thought it would (Adams 1). Many college students who grow up with the opportunity to go to college usually don’t stress the idea of going to school, but most students who don’t have the opportunity toRead MoreIs College Worth It?923 Words   |  4 PagesThe question here is, is college worth it? Many people question this especially high school students who are about to graduate. This debate is still taking place today. The common misunderstood saying is, if you have a degree you will then have a good job. But this is not the case because in today’s society there are so many people with degrees who still cannot find a job. The rate of unemployment is increasing rapidly on a yearly basi s. High school students see it this way, if I can’t find a jobRead MoreCollege Worth?1116 Words   |  5 PagesIs College Worth It? College is a place for higher education. Many people go there for further study every year. Meanwhile, plenty of people skip college or drop out of college. Sort of people believe college is not worth because it cost too much. Most people think college is worth because you will able to get a good job when you holding a degree. Yes, because being a college graduate can help you gain more than the money you spent to pay for college. College is worth it because you will haveRead MoreCollege Is Worth It?1139 Words   |  5 Pagesdebate about whether or not college is worth it, but it’s hard to measure some of the pros of a college education in numbers. Most agree, however, that college enriches people’s life in some way that isn’t just financial. Through encountering different perspective and getting a liberal arts education, people become better citizens of the world. Or so the argument goes. In his essay, Colleges Prepare People for Life, Freeman Hrabowski argues that everyone should attend college, not just for the financialRead MoreCollege Is Not Worth It?1139 Words   |  5 PagesIn the debate about whether college is worth attending, many argue that college is worth it but others argue that college is not worth it. Those who argue that college is worth it contend to say that college graduates make more money, college allows students to explore career options, and not going to college will cost people more money in the future but on the other hand, those who argue that college is not worth it contend to say that college graduates are employed in jobs that do not require degreesRead MoreIs College Worth It?1177 Words   |  5 PagesStatistics Say Yes To College If you walked across the stage at your high school graduation ceremony you probably were confronted by the options of college, military service, work force, etc. If you decide college is the place to go, then questions start to arise, how am I going to pay for college, where should I go, what do I want to study. Is college is a voluntary place to further your education or is it mandatory to achieve a decent paying job? College has now become something that everyoneRead MoreIs College Worth It?972 Words   |  4 PagesIs College Worth It? In recent discussions of Is College Worth It? By John Green, a controversial issue has been whether, people should attend college or get a job after they finish high school. On the one hand, some argue that people can get a monthly income better than if they have a degree. From this perspective, some people they do not want to attend college. On the other hand, however, others insist that people should attend college after they finish high school. In the words of John Green,Read MoreIs College Worth It?1073 Words   |  5 PagesIs College Worth It? Is college worth it? This one question turns into this debate high school seniors begin to think about before graduating. In our society you cannot really say no to college education because many make it known as a necessity to be successful in life. Many of our parents have raised us to know that college is a must go and that there are no failures. However some may think different. A lot of people may think that not setting a foot in a university or community college does

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Domestic Violence The United States Department Of Justice

The United States department of Justice (2015) defines domestic violence as a â€Å"pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used to by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner†. Domestic violence occurs in every culture, country, and age group. It affects individuals from all socioeconomic, educational, religious backgrounds, and occurs in both same-sex and heterosexual relationships. For this paper I will take a look at how domestic violence affects marriages. I will explore the definition of domestic violence and take a look at theoretical explanations for domestic violence. With this foundation I will explore the impact that domestic abuse has on marriage and parenting along with the value and efficacy of current resources, initiatives, as well as support networks used to aid victims. When doing a search for the definition of domestic violence one will find that there is no general agreement on the term. Each writer de fines the term according to their topic or agenda. For example: the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (2015) defines domestic abuse as the â€Å"willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behaviors as part of a systemic pattern of power and control perpetrated by one intimate partner against another†, while the Domestic Abuse Roundtable (2008) defines it as â€Å"one partner in an intimate relationship abuses the other†. While the definition may vary slightly,Show MoreRelatedDomestic Violence : The United States Department Of Justice956 Words   |  4 PagesCurrently in the United States, every one-in-three women and one-in-four men are abused physically by their chosen partner in their lifetime. It is estimated that twenty people per minute are physically affected by their partner; therefore, there are around ten million people every year battered by their partners (â€Å"Statistics† National Coalition Agai nst Domestic Violence). The United States Department of Justice defines domestic violence as: â€Å"We define domestic violence as a pattern of abusive behaviorRead MoreDomestic Violence : The United States Department Of Justice Essay1028 Words   |  5 PagesSonia Bola CRJ 101 Professor Watson 5 October 2016 Encountering Domestic Violence Stuart F. Delery, Former Acting Associate Attorney General, (2015) states The month of October is observed as Domestic Violence Awareness Month around the country by advocates, law enforcement, prosecutors, survivors and many others to raise public awareness about domestic violence. According to the United States Department of Justice (2016) domestic violence is defined as a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationshipRead MoreDomestic Violence : The United States Department Of Justice1741 Words   |  7 PagesDomestic violence is a single act or a pattern of cruel acts in any relationship that a partner uses to get or keep power and control over another partner. The violence can be sexual, physical, economic, emotional, or psychological actions or threats of actions that impacts another person. Any actions that manipulate, intimidate, isolate, humiliate, terrorize, frighten, threaten, coerce, hurt, blame, wound, or injure someone can be domestic violence (The United States Depa rtment of Justice). OtherRead MoreDomestic Violence Related Crime Throughout West Virginia1208 Words   |  5 PagesDomestic violence is a universal problem that can affect an individual of any age, gender, race, education level, social class, or culture. This type of violence is considered to be one of the most widespread public health crises in the United States (Black et al., 2011). The purpose of this essay is to create a plan for a program that addresses domestic violence-related crime in West Virginia. To begin, significant information in relation to domestic violence will be provided. This will be followedRead MoreThe Violence Against Women Act914 Words   |  4 PagesPolitical Context Long before its enactment on September 13, 1994, the foundation for the Violence Against Women Act was being constructed. More than 140 years ago, members of the U.S. government were working to end the injustice of violence against women when, in 1871, Alabama was the first state to make it illegal for a man to beat his wife (U.S. Department of Justice, 2010). In 1967, one of the first domestic violence shelters in the country opened its doors in Maine; and from that time until 1994, progressRead MoreImpact Of Public Health Of Domestic Violence847 Words   |  4 PagesThe impact of public health of Domestic Violence in United States. The violence against women is a global health problem of epidemic and unpreventable circumstances. Domestic violence doesn’t have a controlled policy because it can extend into the society with devastating effects on its victims and costs that ripple across the economy. The two major reasons that the issue are being addressed by policy are not enforced in actions. First reason is that every 9 seconds in the US a woman is assaultedRead MoreEssay on SHELTER FROM THE STORM1555 Words   |  7 PagesFROM THE STORM Domestic Violence is a prevalent issue facing men and women in the United States. The only way to put an end to domestic violence is to acknowledge it and report it. With the help of the government, local charities and the concern of Tucson community members, many different resources have been created to help and support victims of domestic violence as well as rape. Every year in the United States hundreds of thousands of domestic violence crimes are committed, manyRead MoreDomestic Violence Between The United States And The Republic Of Ireland1670 Words   |  7 Pagesin the Handling of Domestic Violence between the United States and the Republic of Ireland. By, Ryan James Patrick Cavanaugh CRJ – 30: Gender and the Law Professor Berg 16 December 2015 The issue of domestic violence has become a widely debated topic in modern society. Domestic violence has been a serious situation in the criminal justice system for much of history, however, until approximately the last twenty years, it was largely ignored by society. In the United States, significant politicalRead MoreDomestic Violence : The Horrific Effects Of Abuse1464 Words   |  6 PagesDOMESTIC VIOLENCE: The Horrifying Effects of Abuse â€Å"To those who abuse: the sin yours, the crime is yours, and the shame is yours. To those who protect the perpetrators: blaming the victims only masks the evil within, making you as guilty as those who abuse. Stand up for the innocent or go down with the rest†¦Ã¢â‚¬  These are the words of an individual who sees too clearly the injustice which comes with domestic violence toward women. The United States government estimates one in every four women willRead MoreIntimate Partner Violence And Domestic Violence1728 Words   |  7 Pagespartner violence (IPV) which falls into the category of domestic violence, is an epidemic among individuals in every community affecting twelve million men and women each year. IPV has no discrimination when it comes to characteristics of the victims. Although victims of IPV are predominately female, men are just as capable of becoming victims as well. The term intimate partner violence describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a cur rent or former partner (CDC, 2015). Such violence does not

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

How does Shakespeare create and use comedy in the play Twelfth Night Essay Example For Students

How does Shakespeare create and use comedy in the play Twelfth Night Essay Twelfth Night is a play written by William Shakespeare to be performed on stage. It was written at around 1600 and about half way through Shakespeares career as a playwright. The first recorded production was given at the Hall of the Inner Temple, London in 1602. The play is known has Twelfth Night because it was originally performed on the twelfth night of Christmas. The play was not officially named, but has a subtitle of Or What you Will meaning whatever you want to call it. The play has many of the elements common to Elizabethan romantic comedy, including the devices of mistaken identity, separated twins, and gender-crossing disguise, and its plot revolves around overcoming obstacles to true love. The play uses many concepts of comedy and there are two main plots in the play, the main love plot and a comic sub-plot. The romantic main plot is based around confusion and mistaken identity. There is a love triangle at the centre of all the chaos. The three characters involved in the triangle are Orsino, Viola and Olivia. Viola loves Orsino, Orsino loves Olivia and Olivia loves Viola. Although all three of these characters claim to be in love only Viola is actually in love. Both Orsino and Olivia are in love with the idea and concept of love. Orsino claims to love Olivia but barely knows her and over exaggerates his love for her. In Act 1: Scene 1 Orsino opens the play with his feelings for his love for Olivia, If music be the food of love, play on, Give me excess of it, that, surfeiting, The appetite may sicken and so die. Orsino is ordering the musicians to use up all the love sick thoughts that are torturing him with the help of their music. He claims to want the feelings he is experiencing to go away but I think that Orsino loves every minute of his over-exaggerated love for Olivia. In Act 1: Scene 1 lines 41-42, not long after claiming he wants his feelings to go, Orsino says, Away before me to sweet beds of flowrs: Love-thoughts lie rich when canopied with bowrs. Orsino now wants to go to the garden to enjoy his romantic mood again. In the play we see that Orsino is self-indulgent and cares more about his love for Olivia rather than interacting with the outside world. Only after the arrival of Viola in Act 1: Scene 4 does Orsino begins to break out of his self-involved character. Of course Orsino relates to Viola and not Cesario without really knowing it. Shakespeare shows that Orsino is contradicting himself here. He shows the audience that Orsino is fake. The audience find it comical whenever Orsino speaks of his love for Olivia because they know it is fake. Viola, who has survived a ship wreck in the play and as lost her identical twin brother in the accident, decides to disguise herself as a man named Cesario. Viola, disguised as Cesario, gets a job as a servant for Orsino. Viola quickly discovers her love for him and this love is the purest of all throughout the play. In Act 2: Scene 4 lines 112-115 Viola speaks of her love for Orsino, Feed on her damask cheek. She pind in thought; And with a green and yellow melancholy She sat like Patience on a monument, Smiling at grief. Was not this love indeed? She lets Orsino know that she has been love sick and that the love she has for him has been eating away at her. But she has been enduring it cheerfully. Viola is the only character in the play who is not ridiculed. She has no serious faults and is a likable figure throughout the play. Only when her brother arrives in Illyria can she unveil her true self and true feelings. Shakespeare uses Viola as the linking person in the love triangle. She is involved with both Orsino and Olivia. Viola is the link to all of the romantic main plot and Shakespeare uses her to create many comical situations and events throughout the play. Olivia is a similar character to Orsino in many ways. She too is self-indulgnt and cares only for mourning her dead brother than to mingle with the outside world. Olivia seems more concerned about her sorrow and self-pity rather than to go out and find her true love. So false are her feelings for her dead brother are that as soon as Viola, disguised as Cesario, steps onto the scene all her sorrow is forgotten and she is swept away with a new emotion, love. This is again another example of Shakespeare using a character contradicting them to create comedy. In Act 1: Scene 5 lines 285-287 Olivia describes love-at-first-sight when she first saw Cesario, Thou Art The Thing Itself: A Journey From King To Father EssayMaria, a servant to Olivia, is the cleverest character in the play along with Feste the clown. She is the architect of the letter that fools Malvolio and even begins to put Sir Toby right where he had been doing wrong. She is sort of like Malvolio in the way that she feels she can only rise in the world through marriage. She succeeds were Malvolio fails because she is more in tune with the topsy-turvy spirit of the play than he is. She also can mix with both the upper and lower class characters in the play, just like Feste the clown. All of the dialogue used in this plot is in normal prose. From Act 1: Scene 3 when Sir Andrew and Sir Toby are talking we can see that they are speaking in normal speech and not versus like the romantic main plot. Shakespeare teaches throughout the play that pretence is a bad thing and that you should not be ashamed of whom you are. We know this due to Shakespeares constant use of mistaken identity. Also, all the people who pretend to be somebody else find themselves in strange situations and are ridiculed throughout the play. Feste the clown is the only character to feature in and out of both plots without getting caught up in any of the chaos and havoc surrounding the play. He mixes with the dirty humour of Sir Toby Belch just as well as he mixes with people with a wittier humour such as Olivia. Also Feste is a character in the play who speaks in both verse and normal prose this proves the point that he can mix with any character on stage. Of all the characters on stage only Viola can match his wits, he even out wits the clever Maria. It is ironic that of all the characters on stage, Feste the clown, the fool, is the most intelligent of all people. Shakespeare uses many different comical devices during Twelfth Night all of which are still used today in modern comedies. In the play Shakespeare uses hamartia which means that all the characters have a flaw. For example Malvolios flaw was that he was arrogant and pretended to be something that he was not and in the end he paid for his flaws. Olivia and Orsinos flaw was that they were both self-indulgnt. Shakespeare also uses dramatic irony. This is when the audience know more than the characters on stage. An example of this is when the audience know that the letter is forged but Malvolio dresses in yellow stockings and cross garters but Olivia is baffled, Malvolio Remember who commended thy yellow stockings,- Olivia Thy yellow stockings? Malvolio And wishd to see thee cross-garterd. Olivia Cross-garterd? Mistaken identity is a device which Shakespeare uses a lot in this play and forms two plots upon it. The main plot, where Viola is mistaken for a man and Olivia marries a man she has never even met before in Sebastian, and the comic sub-plot where Malvolio pretends to be somebody that he is not. This combined with dramatic irony is the funniest device Shakespeare uses in the play. Shakespeare also plays on words a lot in this play, or uses a pun, an example of this is in Act 1: Scene 3 line 18, Hes as tall a man as anys in Illyria. This is used by Sir Toby to describe Sir Andrew meaning he is a good fellow but also it could me he is actually tall and that is all that he has to offer. The puns are used a lot throughout the play mainly in the comic sub-plot. Also throughout the play there is a lot of reference to sex which Shakespeare used in a lot of his comedies in order to get a laugh. Lots of these references though would escape a modern audience. The purpose of this comedy is too make people laugh, and even though times have changed parts of this play are still amusing. This is because Shakespeare created and used elements of comedy that are still regularly used today. He uses the characters to contradict and ridicule themselves to make people laugh. He uses the theme of love to do this because all of the audience can relate to this. Shakespeare is very clever in choosing the characters in the play. The poor people in the audience will find it amusing that the rich people on stage are getting ridiculed, whereas the rich members of the audience will find the more intellectual side of the amusing. Shakespeare was a comic genius and this is proven because the devices he used are still used and are still found funny to this day.